As the days start getting shorter and the temperature drops, some folks migrate south towards warmer weather, others simply wear an extra blanket on their mattress to hibernate or wear their winter jacket to keep warm and active. Ever wondered how do animals survive through winter and where would they go for their food source? Here is how birds and creatures sustain through the chilly winter.
Migration: Several birds and butterflies migrate up to Southern America to get a warmer place to live in and consistent food supply to help them endure during the winter. Some birds and animals, such as the little brown bat and Indiana, migrate shorter distance south. They will reduce their body temperature to remain hot, slow their heart rate and hibernate in the caves.
Hibernation: True hibernators like the bear will lower their body temperature and slow their heartbeat to near coma level to survive through the winter. Animals like Groundhogs will wake up and shiver themselves warm if their body temperature drops too low while hibernating.
Hence, they will find relaxation in little sleep and move about for shelter without changing their body temperature or heart rate. During mild weather, they awaken to eat and move around in search of food.
Food Storage: The key element for winter survival for warm-blooded critters is the food resource. Maintaining body temperature needs a whole lot of energy. Honeybees have a tendency to build a wax comb within the trees for security and will store honey up as their food supply. In the same way, squirrels often store up nuts. They consume as much as they can and conceal the rest. They’ll spend their entire day right from early dawn until day seeking food when taking care to safeguard themselves from becoming food.
Shelter: Contrary to the butterflies and birds, bears and groundhogs, the squirrels are not exactly the migrating or hibernating type of creatures. They will simply find themselves a warm, cozy attic, yard or house and gently snuggle-in to call it their own.
Insulation: Snow and ice have a tendency to act as a protective insulator that blocks the passage of heat from the surroundings in your body. When some fishes remain fairly active beneath the layers of icy-cold water, most turtles and turtles penetrate deep and find a hiding spot beneath the stones, leaves and logs. Often, they find heat by burying their little body from the mud. While on land, most reptiles, amphibians and tiny mammals will hide out under the leaves, grass and snow. These are the areas in which they hibernate. Some will cuddle-up in their own nests with their young ones with stored food supply.
Adaptation: Animals which can’t store food are required to hibernate, migrate or learn to adapt. The red foxes switch their diet from insects and berries to miniature rodents. Many non-migrating birds such as robins and cardinal change their diet from berries and insects to fruit and seeds. Deer will trigger through the snow or eat bark once the bud is covered and leaves are all gone.
Changing Diet: Non-migrating birds like the cardinal and robin may also change their diet from insects and berries to seeds and fruits. Deers will root through the snow or eat bark once the grass is covered and leaves are all gone. The red fox switches its diet from berries and insects to little rodents.
The more cold temperatures of the winter months causes a number of different kinds of birds and wild creatures to begin searching for shelter from the warmth of inside. Hence, you could even find a number of butterflies, raccoons, squirrels, opossums or even bats paying a visit to your dwelling. It is crucial to find out What Do Squirrels Eat and undertake simple pest proofing and require careful precaution to protect your home from any type of wild birds or animal intrusion, particularly for a few annoying species. Make an animal friendly habitat by supplying organic food sources and shelter. Plant native grass, berries, nuts and fruit producing plants. Create refuge piling up leaves, twigs and other plant items in your lawn. Whether you stay home this winter or go for a winter vacation to some place hot, don’t hibernate.